Die Wimbledon Championships waren das dritte von vier Grand-Slam- Turnieren der Saison, den am höchsten dotierten Tennisturnieren. Es fand vom 2 . Juli bis Juli in London statt. Ausrichter war der All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. Jedes Jahr zieht sich die Tenniswelt nach Wimbledon in Südwest London. Zwei Wochen im Sommer dreht sich dann alles um Tennis, Erdbeeren mit Sahne und . Juni Juli geht es in Wimbledon um den dritten Grand-Slam-Titel des Jahres. zur aktuellen Ausgabe der "Lawn Tennis Championships" in London.
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Wimbledon is considered the world's premier tennis tournament and the priority of the Club is to maintain its leadership. To that end a long-term plan was unveiled in , intended to improve the quality of the event for spectators, players, officials and neighbours.
Stage two — involved the removal of the old No. Stage three — has been completed with the construction of an entrance building, club staff housing, museum, bank and ticket office.
A new retractable roof was built in time for the championships, marking the first time that rain did not stop play for a lengthy time on Centre Court.
The first match to be played in its entirety under the new roof took place between Andy Murray and Stanislas Wawrinka on 29 June Murray was also involved in the match completed latest in the day at Wimbledon, which ended at The Men's Singles Final on 8 July , between Roger Federer and Murray, was the first singles final to be partially played under the roof, which was activated during the third set.
A new seat No. Since that time, the Club's activities have been conducted separately from those of The Championships.
On 19 October , it was announced that a tie-break will be played if the score reaches 12—12 in the final set of any match; this will apply to all competitions including in qualifying, singles and doubles.
Wimbledon consists of five main events, four junior events and seven invitation events. Matches in the Gentlemen's Singles and Gentlemen's Doubles are best-of-five sets; all other events are best-of-three sets.
Up to and including the tournament, a tiebreak game is played if the score reaches 6—6 in any set except the fifth in a five-set match or the third in a three-set match , in which case a two-game lead must be reached.
From the tournament onwards, a final set tiebreak game is played if the score in the final set reaches All events are single-elimination tournaments , [g] except for the Gentlemen's, Senior Gentlemen's and the Ladies' Invitation Doubles, which are round-robin tournaments.
Until , the winners of the previous year's competition except in the Ladies' Doubles and Mixed Doubles were automatically granted byes into the final round then known as the challenge round.
This led to many winners retaining their titles in successive years, as they were able to rest while their opponent competed from the start of the competition.
From , the prior year's champions were required to play all the rounds, like other tournament competitors. Each year the tournament began on the last Monday in June, two weeks after the Queen's Club Championships , which is one of the men's major warm-up tournaments, together with the Gerry Weber Open , which is held in Halle, Germany , during the same week.
It was announced that the tournament would begin on Monday 3 July. The other women's warm-up tournament for Wimbledon is Birmingham , also in England.
Wimbledon is scheduled for 14 days, beginning on a Monday and ending on a Sunday. Before it ended a day earlier, with the women's singles final on the Friday and the men's singles final on the Saturday.
Traditionally, unlike the other three tennis Grand Slams, there is no play on the "Middle Sunday", which is considered a rest day.
However, rain has forced play on the Middle Sunday four times, in , , and On the first of these four occasions, Wimbledon staged a "People's Sunday", with unreserved seating and readily available, inexpensive tickets, allowing those with more limited means to sit on the show courts.
The second Monday at Wimbledon is often called "Manic Monday", because it is the busiest day with the last matches for both men's and women's singles, where fans have a pick of watching on a single day, any of the best 32 players left; which is also unique in a Grand Slam singles competition.
Since , the championships have begun one week later than in previous years, extending the gap between the tournament and the French Open from two to three weeks.
Both the men's and ladies' singles consist of players. Both tournaments have 8 wild card entrants, with the remainder in each made up of qualifiers.
Since the tournament, 32 players have been given seedings in the Gentlemen's and Ladies' singles, 16 teams in the doubles events. The system of seeding was introduced during the Wimbledon Championships.
This was a simplified version allowing countries to nominate four players who were placed in different quarters of the draw.
This system was replaced for the Wimbledon Championships and from then on players were seeded on merit. The first players to be seeded as no.
The Committee of Management decide which players receive wildcards. Usually, wild cards are players who have performed well during previous tournaments or would stimulate public interest in Wimbledon by participating.
Players and pairs who neither have high enough rankings nor receive wild cards may participate in a qualifying tournament held one week before Wimbledon at the Bank of England Sports Ground in Roehampton.
The singles qualifying competitions are three-round events; the same-sex doubles competitions last for only one round. There is no qualifying tournament for Mixed Doubles.
The furthest that any qualifier has progressed in a Singles tournament is the semi-final round: Players are admitted to the junior tournaments upon the recommendations of their national tennis associations, on their International Tennis Federation world rankings and, in the case of the singles events, on the basis of a qualifying competition.
The Committee of Management determines which players may enter the four invitational events. The Committee seeds the top players and pairs on the basis of their rankings, but it can change the seedings based on a player's previous grass court performance.
Since a seeding committee has not been required for the Gentlemen's Singles following an agreement with the ATP. While the seeds are still the top 32 players according to rankings, the seeding order is determined using the formula: Only two unseeded players have won the Gentlemen's Singles: In , the title was won by Richard Krajicek , who was originally unseeded ranked 17th, and only 16 players were seeded but was promoted to a seeded position still with the number 17 when Thomas Muster withdrew before the tournament.
No unseeded player has captured the Ladies' Singles title; the lowest seeded female champion was Venus Williams , who won in as the 23rd seed; Williams was returning from an injury that had prevented her playing in previous tournaments, giving her a lower ranking than she would normally have had.
Unseeded pairs have won the doubles titles on numerous occasions; the Gentlemen's Doubles champions were not only unseeded, but also for the first time ever qualifiers.
The change was made to improve durability and strengthen the sward to better withstand the increasing wear of the modern game.
The main show courts, Centre Court and No. The remaining 17 courts are regularly used for other events hosted by the Club. The show courts were in action for the second time in three months in as Wimbledon hosted the tennis events of the Olympic Games.
One of the show courts is also used for home ties of the GB teams in the Davis Cup on occasions. Wimbledon is the only Grand Slam event played on grass courts.
At one time, all the Majors, except the French Open, were played on grass. The Church Road venue was larger and was needed to meet the ever-growing public demand.
Due to the possibility of rain during Wimbledon, a retractable roof was installed prior to the Championship. The first full match played and completed under the roof featured Andy Murray and Stan Wawrinka , played on the same date.
The court has a capacity of 15, At its south end is the Royal Box, from which members of the Royal Family and other dignitaries watch matches.
Centre Court usually hosts the finals and semifinals of the main events, as well as many matches in the earlier rounds involving top-seeded players or local favourites.
The second most important court is No. The court was constructed in to replace the old No. The court was said to have had a unique, more intimate atmosphere and was a favourite of many players.
Construction on a new retractable roof on the No. The capacity of the stadium is also set to rise by taking the total capacity up to 12, From , a new No.
To obtain planning permission , the playing surface is around 3. In a new No. Because of the summer climate in southern England, Wimbledon employs 'Court Attendants' each year, who work to maintain court conditions.
Their principal responsibility is to ensure that the courts are quickly covered when it begins to rain, so that play can resume as quickly as possible once the referees decide to uncover the courts.
The court attendants are mainly university students working to make summer money. Centre Court is covered by full-time groundstaff, however.
At the northern end of the grounds is a giant television screen on which important matches are broadcast. Fans watch from an area of grass officially known as the Aorangi Terrace.
When British players do well at Wimbledon, the hill attracts fans for them, and is often renamed after them by the press: As both of them have now retired and Andy Murray is the number 1 British player, the hill is occasionally referred to as "Murray Mound" or " Murrayfield ", as a reference to his Scottish heritage and the Scottish rugby ground of the same name, but this has largely failed to catch on — the area is still usually referred to as Henman Hill.
None of these nicknames are official. The qualifying matches, prior to the main draw, take place at the Bank of England Sports Ground, in Roehampton , 3.
Social commentator Ellis Cashmore describes Wimbledon as having "a David Niven -ish propriety", conforming to the standards of behaviour common in the s.
Writer Peter York sees the event as representing a particular white and affluent type of Britishness, describing the area of Wimbledon as "a southern, well off, late-Victorian suburb with a particular social character".
Cashmore has criticised the event for being "remote and insulated" from the changing multicultural character of modern Britain, describing it as "nobody's idea of all-things-British".
In the championship games, ball boys and girls, known as BBGs, play a crucial role in the smooth running of the tournament, with a brief that a good BBG "should not be seen.
They should blend into the background and get on with their jobs quietly. From ball boys were supplied by Goldings,  the only Barnardos school to provide them.
Prior to this, from the s onwards, the ball boys had been provided by The Shaftesbury Children's Home. Since , BBGs have been provided by local schools.
As of they are drawn from schools in the London boroughs of Merton , Sutton , Kingston , and Wandsworth , as well as from Surrey.
This was possibly owing to their proximity to the club. BBGs have an average age of 15, being drawn from the school years nine and ten. Starting in , BBGs work in teams of six, two at the net, four at the corners, and teams rotate one hour on court, one hour off, two hours depending on the court for the day's play.
With the expansion of the number of courts, and lengthening the tennis day, as of , the number of BBGs required is around Each BBG receives a certificate, a can of used balls, a group photograph and a programme when leaving.
Every BBG keeps all of their kit, typically consisting of three or four shirts, two or three shorts or skorts , track suit bottoms and top, twelve pairs of socks, three pairs of wristbands, a hat, water bottle holder, bag and trainers.
Along with this it is seen as a privilege, and seen as a valuable addition to a school leaver's curriculum vitae , showing discipline.
BBG places are split Prospective BBGs are first nominated by their school headteacher , to be considered for selection. To be selected, a candidate must pass written tests on the rules of tennis, and pass fitness, mobility and other suitability tests, against initial preliminary instruction material.
Successful candidates then commence a training phase, starting in February, in which the final BBGs are chosen through continual assessment.
As of , this training intake was The training includes weekly sessions of physical, procedural and theoretical instruction, to ensure that the BBGs are fast, alert, self-confident and adaptable to situations.
As of , early training occurs at the Wimbledon All England Lawn Tennis Club Covered Courts, to the side of the Grounds, and then moves to outside courts 8, 9, 10 the week before the Championships for a feel of the grass court.
Dark green and purple are the traditional Wimbledon colours. However, all tennis players participating in the tournament are required to wear all-white or at least almost all-white clothing, a long-time tradition at Wimbledon.
Controversy followed Martina Navratilova 's wearing branding for "Kim" cigarettes in Green clothing was worn by the chair umpire, linesmen, ball boys and ball girls until the Championships; however, beginning with the Championships, officials, ball boys and ball girls were dressed in new navy blue- and cream-coloured uniforms from American designer Ralph Lauren.
This marked the first time in the history of the Championships that an outside company was used to design Wimbledon clothing; the contract with Polo Ralph Lauren ended in By tradition, the "Men's" and "Women's" competitions are referred to as "Gentlemen's" and "Ladies'" competitions at Wimbledon.
The junior competitions are referred to as the "Boys'" and "Girls'" competitions. Prior to female players were referred to by the title "Miss" or "Mrs" on scoreboards.
As dictated by strict rule of etiquette, married female players are referred to by their husbands' names: Lloyd" during her marriage to John Lloyd , since "Mrs.
X" essentially designates the wife of X. This tradition has continued at least to some extent. The title "Mr" is not used for male players who are professionals on scoreboards but the prefix is retained for amateurs, although chair umpires refer to players as "Mr" when they use the replay challenge.
If a match is being played with two competitors of the same surname e. Venus and Serena Williams, Bob and Mike Bryan , the chair umpire will specify to whom they are referring by stating the player's first name and surname during announcements e.
Previously, players bowed or curtsied to members of the royal family seated in the Royal Box upon entering or leaving Centre Court.
Now, players are required to bow or curtsy only if The Prince of Wales , or The Queen is present,  as was in practice during the Championships when the Queen was in attendance at Wimbledon on 24 June.
Prior to the Second World War, members of the Brigade of Guards and retired members of the Royal Artillery performed the role of stewards.
In the AELTC offered employment to wartime servicemen returning to civilian life during their demobilisation leave. In London Fire Brigade members joined the ranks of stewards.
The AELTC pays a subsistence allowance to servicemen and women working as stewards to defray their accommodation costs for the period of the Championships.
The Service Stewards are not to be confused with the Honorary Stewards. The majority of centre and show court tickets sold to the general public have since been made available by a public ballot that the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club holds at the start of the year.
Successful applicants are selected at random by a computer. Seats and days are allocated randomly and ballot tickets are not transferrable.
Fans who invest thus in the club receive a pair of tickets for every day of the Wimbledon Championships for the five years the investment lasts.
Wimbledon and the French Open are the only Grand Slam tournaments where fans without tickets for play can queue up and still get seats on the three show courts on the day of the match.
From , there is a single queue, allotted about seats for each court. When they join the queue, fans are handed queue cards. To get access to the show courts, fans will normally have to queue overnight.
The All-England Club allows overnight queuing and provides toilet and water facilities for campers. Early in the morning when the line moves towards the Grounds, stewards walk along the line and hand out wristbands that are colour-coded to the specific court.
The wrist band and payment is exchanged at the ticket office for the ticket when the grounds open. General admission to the grounds gives access to the outer courts and is possible without queuing overnight.
Tickets returned by people leaving early go on sale at 2: Queuing for the show courts ends after the quarter finals have been completed. Wimbledon is notable for the longest running sponsorship in sports history due to its association with Slazenger who have supplied all tennis balls during the tournament since Until when its contract ended,  Radio Wimbledon could be heard within a five-mile radius on It operated under a Restricted Service Licence.
Presenters included Sam Lloyd and Ali Barton. Typically they worked alternate four-hour shifts until the end of the last match of the day.
Often they reported from the "Crow's Nest", an elevated building housing the Court 3 and 4 scoreboards which affords views of most of the outside courts.
Regular guests included Sue Mappin. In later years Radio Wimbledon acquired a second low-power FM frequency within the grounds only of Hourly news bulletins and travel using RDS were also broadcast.
Beginning with the tournament , an in-house operation known as Wimbledon Broadcasting Services WBS has served as the official host broadcaster of the tournament, replacing BBC Sport.
This can result in live matches being moved across all 3 channels. The BBC holds the broadcast rights for Wimbledon until One of the most notable British commentators was Dan Maskell , who was known as the BBC's "voice of tennis" until his retirement in John Barrett succeeded him in that role until he retired in The coverage is presented by Sue Barker live and Claire Balding highlights.
Highlights of the rest of the tournament must be provided by terrestrial stations; live coverage excepting the finals may be sought by satellite or cable TV.
The BBC was forced to apologise after many viewers complained about "over-talking" by its commentary team during the TV coverage of the event in It said in a statement that views on commentary were subjective but that they "do appreciate that over-talking can irritate our audience".
The BBC added that it hoped it had achieved "the right balance" across its coverage and was "of course sorry if on occasion you have not been satisfied".
Tim Henman and John McEnroe were among the ex-players commentating. Wimbledon was also involved in a piece of television history, when on 1 July the first official colour television broadcast took place in the UK.
Four hours live coverage of the Championships was shown on BBC Two, which was the first television channel in Europe to regularly broadcast in colour.
Footage of that historic match no longer survives, however, the Gentlemen's Final of that year is still held in the BBC archives because it was the first Gentlemen's Final transmitted in colour.
Beginning , all centre court matches are televised in 4K ultra-high-definition. A piece titled "A Sporting Occasion" is the traditional closing theme, though nowadays coverage typically ends either with a montage set to a popular song or with no music at all.
Mansfield also composed the piece "World Champion", used by NBC during intervals change-overs, set breaks, etc.
Caroline Murphy was the presenter of the programme. Live coverage was provided in the Irish language while they broadcast highlights in English at night.
In , the network began carrying the Gentlemen's and Ladies' Singles Finals live. Live coverage started early in the morning the US being a minimum of 5 hours behind the UK and continued well into the afternoon, interspersed with commentary and interviews from Bud Collins , whose tennis acumen and in famous patterned trousers were well known to tennis fans in the US.
From to , premium channel HBO carried weekday coverage of Wimbledon. Previously, weekday coverage in the United States was exclusively handled by ESPN2 during the tournament's first week.
Since the tournament, all live coverage, including the Finals, has been exclusively on ESPN and ESPN2, marking the second major tennis championship after the Australian Open available in the United States exclusively on pay television although taped highlights from the tournament are presented at weekend afternoons on sister network ABC.
In Mexico , the Televisa family of networks has aired Wimbledon since the early s. Presently, most weekend matches are broadcast through Canal 5 with the weekday matches broadcast on the Televisa Deportes Network.
As Mexico is six hours behind the U. Although Mexico had begun broadcasting in colour in , Wimbledon continued to air in black and white in Mexico until colour television came to the United Kingdom in Baddeley, Wilfred Wilfred Baddeley.
Eaves, Wilberforce Wilberforce Eaves. Mahony, Harold Harold Mahony. Doherty, Lawrence Lawrence Doherty. Gore, Arthur Arthur Gore.
Smith, Sydney Sydney Smith. Doherty, Reginald Reginald Doherty. Riseley, Frank Frank Riseley. Brookes, Norman Norman Brookes. Barrett, Herbert Herbert Barrett.
Ritchie, Josiah Josiah Ritchie. Wilding, Anthony Anthony Wilding. Patterson, Gerald Gerald Patterson.
Norton, Brian Brian Norton. Lycett, Randolph Randolph Lycett. Johnston, Bill Bill Johnston. Hunter, Francis Francis Hunter. Borotra, Jean Jean Borotra.
Kinsey, Howard Howard Kinsey. Cochet, Henri Henri Cochet. Tilden, Bill Bill Tilden. Allison, Wilmer Wilmer Allison. Wood, Sidney Sidney Wood.
Shields, Frank Frank Shields. Vines, Ellsworth Ellsworth Vines. Austin, Bunny Bunny Austin. Crawford, Jack Jack Crawford. Perry, Fred Fred Perry. Cramm, Gottfried von Gottfried von Cramm.
Budge, Don Don Budge. Riggs, Bobby Bobby Riggs. Cooke, Elwood Elwood Cooke. Petra, Yvon Yvon Petra. Brown, Geoff Geoff Brown. Kramer, Jack Jack Kramer.
Brown, Tom Tom Brown. Falkenburg, Bob Bob Falkenburg. Bromwich, John John Bromwich. Schroeder, Ted Ted Schroeder.
Patty, Budge Budge Patty. Sedgman, Frank Frank Sedgman. Savitt, Dick Dick Savitt. Seixas, Vic Vic Seixas. Nielsen, Kurt Kurt Nielsen.
Rosewall, Ken Ken Rosewall. Trabert, Tony Tony Trabert. Hoad, Lew Lew Hoad. Cooper, Ashley Ashley Cooper. Fraser, Neale Neale Fraser.
Olmedo, Alex Alex Olmedo. Laver, Rod Rod Laver. Mulligan, Martin Martin Mulligan. Stolle, Fred Fred Stolle.
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